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Thailands 20-Year National Strategy and Thailand 4.0 Policy

2 August 2016

Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha stated that the 20-year national strategy, which he had mentioned many times, is expected to help the country to achieve sustainable development. It is crucial for Thailand to have clear directions for long-term development.
In his national address on 29 July 2016, the Prime Minister said that the National Economic and Social Development Plan would be mapped out in line with the national strategy. He cited as an example the 12th National Economic and Social Development Plan, 2017-2021, which will be implemented from October 2016 to September 2021.
Referred to as the "6-6-4 plan, the 20-year national strategic plan consists of six areas, six primary strategies, and four supporting strategies. The six areas include (1) security, (2) competitiveness enhancement, (3) human resource development, (4) social equality, (5) green growth, and (6) rebalancing and public sector development.
The six primary strategies seek to enhance and develop the potential of human capital; ensure justice and reduce social disparities; strengthen the economy and enhance competitiveness on a sustainable basis; promote green growth for sustainable development; bring about national stability for national development toward prosperity and sustainability; and enhance the efficiency of public sector management and promote good governance.
As for the four supporting strategies for efficient national development, they involve infrastructure development and the logistics system; science and technology, research, and innovation; urban, regional, and economic zone development; and international cooperation for development.
The five-year 12th National Economic and Social Development Plan will continue to focus on the Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy, which stresses a "middle path and comprises the three principles of moderation, reasonableness, and self-immunity.
The Prime Minister said that government officials must work harder, especially during this time when Thailand is entering the fourth industrial revolution, known as "Thailand 4.0. He said that consciousness and public minds are needed in order for everyone to move the country forward for a better future. The
Thailand 4.0 policy will be achieved by reforming Thailands existing five industries, or the "First S-Curve, and promoting five new industries, or the "New S-Curve, in which Thailand has the potential to succeed.
The First S-Curve industries include automotive, electronics, affluent medical and wellness tourism, agriculture and biotechnology, and food. The New S-Curve industries include robotics, aviation and logistics, biofuels and biochemicals, the digital industry, and the medical hub.
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